Interesting facts about Czech Republic
The beautiful Czech Republic is a land of castles and mountains, history and charm. This nation state in Central Europe is also known by the short name of Czechia since September of 2016, and is a popular destination for tourists from not only all over Europe but the whole world.
Due to its lack of international and domestic conflict as well as its low crime rate, the Czech Republic is the sixth safest place to live on earth.
Puppetry and marionette exhibitions are very popular for both children and adults and puppetry festivals are held throughout the country each year. The puppet museum in Prague hosts shows daily and has the largest collection in the world.
The Czech Republic is known worldwide for its mouth-blown decorated art glass and crystal, all individually made.
The Czech people have the highest beer consumption per capita in the world. Its first known brewery existed in 993. Pilsners were originated here as did the first ever blond pilsners. There are several beer festivals hosted annually.
Mushroom hunting is a favorite pastime of the Czech people. In the autumn it is a national passion in the damp forests. They gather yearly at St. Václav Day in September and the hunts can be quite competitive.
The Czech Republic is a true paradise for people who love parks and gardens. It has 25 protected landscaped areas and four national parks in addition to broadleaf and conifer forests, rivers and mountains.
Tourism is a big business in the Czech Republic. It has an impressive architectural heritage with monuments and many centuries’ worth of buildings, towers, bridges, and castles to visit and admire.
Prague has been known as the “handsomest city of Europe” since the 18th century. Prague Castle is the largest in Europe with more than 700 hundred rooms. The pedestrian Charles Bridge over the Vitava River fills with painters, vendors, musicians and tourists every summer.
Known as the castle capital of the world, the republic has over 2000 castles, ruins and keeps for visitors to tour and enjoy. The St. Vitrus Cathedral at Prague Castle is home of the Czech crown jewels and the burial place of Czech kings.
The Old Town Square is home of the Astronomical Clock, the annual Christmas market, cafes, street entertainers, the Old Town Hall from 1338 and baroque era buildings.
The spa towns of Karlovy Vary, Mariańské Láznĕ, Františkovy Láznĕ, and Jáchymov offer oases of comfort and relaxation for those who want a stress-free holiday.
For the youngsters, the Czech Aquapalace Praha is the biggest water park in Central Europe.
Some Czechs who are internationally renowned in their fields of endeavorinclude Gregor Mendel (science of genetics), Alphonse Mucha (visual arts), Franz Kafka (literary arts), plus Martina Navratilova and Ivan Lendl (Sports-tennis).
Inventors have abounded throughout the history of the Czech people, and Czechs have invented the first grounded lightning rod, the screw propeller, the modern compass, sugar cubes, photogravure, the arc lamp, the plastic explosive Semtex, and soft contact lenses, among other things.
The Czech economy gains a substantial income from their tourism industry.
The Czech Republic has an advanced, high-income economy and a high standard of living. In fact, it is the most stable and prosperous of the post-communist states, with the lowest unemployment rate in the European Union.
Beer is popular with meals as are wines from the Czech vineyards.
The Bohemian Kingdom became part of the Austrian Empire when the Holy Roman Empire was dissolved in 1806.
In 1918 with the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire after World War I, the Republic of Czechoslovakia was formed. Due to a wave of romantic nationalism, the Czech language experienced a revival.
Germany occupied the Czech part of the nation during World War II. The U.S. and the Soviet Union liberated them in 1945. Most of the country’s German-speaking people were expelled at the end of the war.
By 1946 the country had become Communist under Soviet influence.
During the 1989 Velvet Revolution the communist regime collapsed and in June of 1993, Czechoslovakia was peacefully dissolved. It then became two independent states: the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
The Czech Republic has the most hospital beds per capita of any country in the EU. Unfortunately, they probably need them, because they also have the highest EU death rate from cancer.
The Republic ranks in the top ten countries worldwide with the fastest internet speed on average. The Czech Republic’s main international airport is Václava Havla but there are six that provide international services. The country has 46 airports altogether.
The garnet trade is everywhere due to nearby garnet mines. Garnet jewelry can be purchased in the city markets.